Author: Dr. Suresh Harihar Deshpande
Institution: National Association of Ph ysical Education & Sports
Country: India

Fuente: Foro Mundial de Educación Física; II Cumbre Iberoamericana de Educación Física y Deporte Escolar; Simposio de Actividad Física y Calidad de Vida; Taller Internacional de  Deporte Escolar y Alto Rendimiento, 2010.


Traditions are the social prac tices in the form of celebration of social and religious festivals, costumes, family marriages, music, art, folk dances, sports and pastimes which are inherited through generations and t hen become part of culture. Traditions are formed as a result of many years of such practices being voluntarily and conventionally carried out by the people. Sport and pastime is also such social phenomena which assumes form of the tradition. Ancient Greek tradition of Olympic Games lasted for about one thousand years. Archeology and history have made it possible to rwevive the lost traditions.
India is also endowed with rich tradition of physical culture, recreation and a system of exercise. The tradition of classical and folk dances is as old as our civilization.
'SANSKRIT' is the mother of all major languages of I ndia, originated and developed centuries past B.C. Copious references ar e found in Sanskrit literature about health, strength, sports, body development, exercise, etc.
Bala (Strength), Krida (Sport ) and Sharir (Body) -- the trio form philosophical basis of traditional physical culture of I ndia. There is also ethical and spiritual side to Indian physical culture, since yoga and yogic practices form inseperable part of the Culture.There was an integrated scheme of physical culture.
Present paper will contain types of sports, dance and exercises,, their philosophical and scientific basis and presentation will be supported by th e archiological evidences, paintings etc in the form of photographs and posters.