Palabras claves: ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA/CALIDAD DE VIDA

Title: PARTICIPATION TO SPORTS AS A RECREATIVE ACTIVITY AND THE CHANGE IN THE CULTURAL CAPITA L OF LOWER-CLASS CHILDREN
Author: Nefise Bulgu
Institution: Hacettepe University School of Sports Sciences and Technology, Ankara
Country: Turkey
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Fuente: Foro Mundial de Educación Física; II Cumbre Iberoamericana de Educación Física y Deporte Escolar; Simposio de Actividad Física y Calidad de Vida; Taller Internacional de  Deporte Escolar y Alto Rendimiento, 2010.

 

ABSTRACT
This study attempts to answer the question of whether or not participation to sports as a recreative activity contributes to the cultural capitals of lower-class children.
The cultural capitals were defined in this study as interests, tastes and behavioral pattern of children. As known, family and social environment are of primary importance for personality development. In particular, living environment can be more effective than family since the outdoor control of the latter remains limited at the former. Sports as a field facilititing outdoor control of families for their children, and other recreation activities, in this respect, stand as a tool for saving children from detrimental effects of social environment, especially in lower-class environments. This research also suggests that sports causes a vertical increase in cultural capital as an activity that direct children to acquire a new life style that may provide a social status to them in future. The research was conducted in Alt ındag town of Ankara where crimes like drug use, fight, injury, etc., were most frequently committed. The research employs semi-struc tured interviews with the mothers of the 9-15 years old kids who are partici pating to sports and other recreative activities in the “Altındag Kids Club”. The fact that activities in which children are being involved in the club are considered as upper class’s activities in their neighborhood; that children are provided with the opportunity to be in a different environment than their neighborhoods; that they have a chance to interact with people from upper classes; that acquiring favorable behaviors in their socialization process; and that gaining a self confidence were identified as important factors which contribute to children’s cultural capi tals. Directing children to such activities by mothers for saving them from negative effects of social environment granted kids the opportunities which are normally impossible to be achieved with their limited social and economic powers, but more important ly, created a vertical mobility in their cultural capitals.
Keywords: Children, Sports, Recreation, Cultural Capital, Vertical Mobility